Bonjour à tous, j'ai décidé de vous aider pour l'oral du bac en anglais. Vous aurez quatre notion a apprendre et vous devrez en présenter une au choix. Voici ce que j'ai appris sur chacune des notions. Vous pouvez vous en inspirer, mais elles sont chacune appuyées sur des documents que j'ai étudié en classe... Par contre, l'introduction et la conclusion est commune au thème :) Bon courage! :)
I'm going to deals with the notion myths and heroes. Myths are often stories speaking about legends. It's a cultural tale that everyone knows and tell but nobody knows if it's true. American dream is by example a myth. In this notion I will also speak about heroes, who are either imaginary characters or real people who did great exploits and are loved by people. In class, we worked about the 19th and 20th centuries in America which comport a lot of myths and heroes. I will tell you about the American dream through the Gold Rush then I'll speak about the documents “A Boy's Journey”, “Ellis Island” ,“Angel Island” and finally the song “American Land”.
When America was discovered, a lot of people thought United States was the land of future, people were successful in their life, they became quickly rich and had many acres. It all started when James Marshall, who was building a sawmill in California in 1848, found strange flakes in water. It was gold. This discovered made him a hero and the American dream was born in the mind of people around the world. The myth of gold radically impacted American history with more and more immigration. A statue of James Marshall, the hero who changed vision of American had been erected. We are going to take the example of Seymour in the text “A Boy's Journey”. This young boy left Poland with his father before the First World War because he was searching the American Dream. Seymour was singer in Poland, and his family thought to all the opportunities he could have in America. The myth told he just needs talent, hard work and luck. As Seymour had three, he gone in America. He became soon successful there. The American Dream was true, this young boy met President Calvin Coolidge and all his family joined him in his new country. Seymour passed by Ellis Island before arriving in to America. A lot of immigrants coming from Europe crossed this island. These immigrants were fleeing persecution and looking for a better life in the American dream. A website gathers the stories of these heroes who crossed Atlantic till a new World they didn't know, all these life moments are unique. Immigration came also from Asia. Chinese immigrants were a lot to follow the American dream. In the document “Angel Island”, we can see that it wasn't as easy as people thought to access America. It's a myth because Chinese immigrants suffered a disillusionment. These heroes lived a hard crossing and their life in the New World wasn't as fabulous as they imagined. American Dream is also in our time, like the Jackson family who was a really poor family living with nine children in a miserable two-room house, and became one of the most famous family. We can see the evolution of this family in the movie “The Jackson, an American Dream”. Starting with the band The Jackson 5, hard working, Michael Jackson became the singer having sold the most albums in the world, and the hero of many fans.
To conclude, in another style, we can see that myths are not only good in the Bruce Springsteen's song “American Land”. It's a music with a dynamic and lively rhythm. At beginning, it speaks about all the wonders of America, the diamonds on sidewalk, the beautiful clothes of women, the happiness of children... We are entirely in the myth. But we realize after, that it tells the story of all the unknown immigrants who built America until death. They scarified themselves. This song demystifies the American myth of American dream.
I'm going to deal with the notion places and form of powers. Places are memorable spots, it has an important impact in the history of a land. By example, the White House is a place of power. But any place can become a place of power, if a war or a treaty takes place here. There are different form of power, like politic power, economic power or charismatic power. The notion of power is relative. It involves person without power, and chief exercising too much power. In class, we especially studied America during the 19th and 20th centuries, when United States were a young land. So, I will speak about the first forms of power with the Constitution of the “Founding Fathers”, then the power in Indian tribes, through the rap “Westward Expansion”. We will deal with “The trail of tear” confronting two power, and finally, more recently the power over immigrants.
The founding fathers were 56, they were in the Constitutional Convention of United States. They would organize the society with their power. They wanted justice and freedom in America, so they wrote The Constitution of the United States, The Bill of Rights and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Their aim was to create a government strong enough to be effective. They though that with an important power directing the state, there would be respect. Presidents were popular, on Mount Rushmore, we can see the face of Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt and Lincoln. Their power came from their wealth and their military. Jefferson had enough money to buy Louisiana to France, and with their military, they could fight easily against Native Americans and colony to win land. On another hands, a people suffers from the power, it is Indian people. We can heard it in the rap “Westward expansion”. This population lived in a place since generations and are forced to assimilate or be in reservations. Their land are stolen. In this rap, the narrator shows to Whites that Indians can win, like at Little Big Horn. They are revolted, because a lot of them fought and are separated from their families without reason. It speaks about three Indian chiefs representing three different forms of resistance against white domination: chief Joseph the leader of Nez Percés, Geronimo an Apache from Mexico who have signed a peace treaty and Black Elk, chief of Lakota Sioux forced to go into Buffalo Bill Wild West Show. Some Native Americans were also pacific and preferred avoid white people like in the movie “The Last Cheyennes”. In the document “The Trail of Tears”, the confrontation of powers take places in the centre of America, president Jackson lost an attack against Cherokees, but forced them to move westward. More than 7000 men forced 15000 Cherokees to walk, in winter. 4000 Cherokees died because of this walk. This form of power take against all logic is a tragedy for Native Americans, who left their land. Other hand, white soldiers regretted to have been ordered for that. This relocation on Cherokees is named The Trail of Tears, because of the cruelty. Other people were subject to power, like Black slaves in the 20th century. They couldn't revolt. We have also the example of Chinese immigrants in the Mark Twain's text. There are called “Chinaman” because it's a derogatory expression. These immigrants were accused to steal work to American. They were tractable and peaceable, and accepted to be paid cheaper. That's why Americans used them to build transcontinental railroad and work in factories. But they abused of power, and Bruce Springsteen denounced that in his song “American land”. Power scarified them.
To conclude, as much as power can help to be respected, it can destroy a people, like slavery, like oppressive regime where power is too present and like in dictatorships. These forms of power are a reason why people immigrated to America, looking for an effective and soft power.
I'm going to deal with the notion space and exchanges. Space defines the geographic limits of a land. This space can change, grow up for the strongest nation or become smaller because of war or selling. Exchanges are meetings between populations, and learning of different cultures. Immigration is an important form of exchange in our society, and it is since the beginning of the world when humans were nomads. In class, we worked about the 19th and 20th centuries in America which deals a lot with space because America is a great country, and exchanges because it was a period of immigration and discovery of the Indian people. I will tell you about the discovery of the land through “Lewis and Clark expedition” and “The Oregon Trail”, then I will speak about immigration in Ellis Island and Angel Island and finally a modern view of America with “Edward Hopper' paintings”.
The story of westward expansion began with the purchase of Louisiana for 15 million dollars to France. This first exchange doubles the size of the USA. So, Jefferson engaged the explorers Lewis and Clark to explore the new wilderness. Their expedition lasted two years. They made discovery of unknown plants, animals, landscapes and obstacles like the Rocky Mountains. Some Indians tribes were discovered. Thanks to Lewis and Clark expedition, more exchanges could begin, because they had traced the way. Some years later, “The Oregon Trail” was the mainly path crossing the United States from East to West. It was borrowed by first pioneers and settlers, because East was overcrowded and there were a lot of epidemics. It enters in the notion Space and Exchanges because it's the first sort of road crossing almost the entire land before the Transcontinental Railroad. Follow the whole path was a five month trip. President Lincoln wanted populate West and established the Homestead Act, giving 160 acres of land to any settler willing to farm western land for a five-year minimum. The first exchanges with Indians were during the Oregon Trail; when it was pacific, they swapped gunpowder, food, clothes or horses. They could also guided them through the land. Diseases were given to Indians by Whites. Some exchanges with Native Americans were bad, with rape or capture of Indians women. In the real Pocahontas' story, Indians captured captain John Smith and wanted kill him, but Pocahontas saved him. The story of Cynthia Ann Parker is similarly: an Indian tribe killed white people in a farm and captured the little girl Cynthia who grew up with Natives Americans. These exchanges between people were rare, but really unpopular by whites. When white men decided to marry Native American women, they were excluded, but because of the lack of women in west, men marry Indians. More recently, in 20th century, United States is an immigration territory. Ellis Island and Angel Island were detention centres, people came from different country and were together waiting for join continent. These exchanges with America gave it its workers to build it. These exchanges have made America a country with many sort of population. We can see Whites, Latino, Blacks or Chinese in the same land... And a lot of industrialised cities separated by great landscapes, show the Space of USA. We can see it in Edward Hopper's paintings. Edward Hopper is an American realist painter who describes in his works his vision of American life. In his oil paintings, all is large to describe the space of America. There are also modern machine like the gas station, train or railroad showing the possibility of exchanges in America.
Over the years, America continue to be a large space where exchanges and mobility are very present for the work, hobbies or tourism.
I'm going to deal with the notion ideas of progress. Progress is something which is changing in our society to be better, and to facilitate our life, like new technologies, electricity, communication, language... But the notion of progress is controversial because a progress is not better for everybody. Religions and culture don't like some ideas of progress which are not ethic. In class, we worked about the 19th and 20th centuries in America. This time was during the development and the research of knowledge. We will see that through “Lewis and Clark expedition”, “The transcontinental railroad”, the song “American land” and the Edward Hopper's paintings.
United States are today the richest country of the world. Progress and technologies come from USA before the rest of the world. Already in the 19th century, was a first idea of progress from USA: Lewis and Clark were two explorers engaged by President Jefferson to discover the land, because people couldn't continue to live in East and had to extend. This expedition was a progress in science because they discovered new kind of animals, plants, food, rivers, landscape and natural resources. It was also a cultural progress with the meeting of new peoples like Native Americans. It was a modern expedition with 45 explorers and good commandants who were experienced soldiers. Thanks to this discovery, United States built a railroad imagined by good engineers. It was a big idea of progress to join East to West by rails. This construction lasted 6 years. It was an amazing work which helped many the development of United States, because the crossing was less long than by paths like the Oregon trail. It was a great progress for the country. The gold rush was at the same time a progress for the West because it boosted this part of United States. People flocked to find gold, the economy of West grew up quickly, and created California which is still a dynamic country. In 19th century, another idea of progress to increase the economy was the homestead act. President Lincoln established the homestead act which allowed people to become farmer in West. He offered 160 acres of land to each settler willing to farm western land for a five year minimum. It peopled the center of USA which was already empty, and it was a progress for farming and animal husbandry. But unfortunately, the half of farmers couldn't live with their farm because some areas were arid or in the Rocky Mountains. An other cause which helped states to progress was the immigration. We heard in the song “American Land” by Bruce Springsteen that progress came also from immigrants, because they built a beautiful America. In this song, at the beginning, we can hear that people are happy, elegantly dressed and rich. So, immigration boosted the land by the work and the population, but it was not a good idea of progress for immigrants, because they worked too hard and died without money, they were scarified for future Americans. The modernity they built is important. In Edward Hopper's paintings, we can see how was become America in the middle of the 20th century. This painter drew a modern America full progress. He painted mainly oil-paintings about urban architectures and cityscapes. He describes very well the life of this century which is in progress compared to the first pioneers' life. The idea of progress is always present in his paintings because we can see a light coming from right side. It symbolize an optimistic future and the progress.
America is today a great nation where progress is omnipresent in science, movie effects, new music or new fashions. Its progress led it to be the first military and monetary puissance, and it won't stop now.
-On est pas là pour parler de truc trop intellectuel, mais on va vous parler d'un truc vrai assez marrant qui est arrivé dans l'histoire de France.
-Euh, ah bon? T'es sur que c'est intéressant :o Avec un titre comme ça...
-Lis ça avant de juger...
A un moment de l'HIStory, les gens ont décidé de reformer le calendrier qu'on a toujours connu... L'année de la prise de la Bastille (1789 comme la comédie musicale) devait être appelé l'an 1. En gros, on serait aujourd'hui en l'an 2013-1789=224.
Ce nouveau calendrier comportait douze mois, comme nous, mais chaque mois durait 30 jours et les semaines (appelées DÉCADES) duraient 10 jours!
Donc, les noms étaient différents. Dans l'ordre de la semaine:
Les noms des mois aussi ont été modifiés, avec des appellations assez logiques:
Vendémiaire - Octobre
Brumaire - Novembre
Frimaire - Décembre
Nivôse - Janvier
Pluviôse - Février
Ventôse - Mars
Germinal - Avril
Floréal - Mai
Prairial - Juin
Messidor - Juillet
Thermidor - Août
Fructidor - Septembre
Le pire: chaque jour de chaque mois portait un nom!!
En voici quelques uns:
Argile (12ème jour de Nivôse, =1er Janvier) - Cheval (5ème jour de Vendémiaire, =26 septembre) - Pomme de Terre - Carotte -Immortelle - Grenade - Lierre - Pelle - Basilic - Traineau - Pâquerette...
Je ne vous les fait pas tous, car il y avait 30*12=360 jours donc 360 noms de jours...
Wikipedia vous informera sur la TOTALITÉ si vous souhaitez tous les apprendre... Ça doit être faisable avec du courage. 8-p
Le calendrier n'a pas tenu bien longtemps, mais tout de même 14 ans!! (de 1792 à 1806 pour ceux que ça intéresse, donc il a commencé à être utilisé en l'an III (3) et fini en l'an XVII (17))
Si ce calendrier a été annulé, c'est grâce à/à cause de Napoléon qui l'annula. Les raisons?
1) Tous les pays alentours utilisaient notre calendrier habituel (=calendrier grégorien), pourquoi pas nous?! =P
2) Un accord de Napoléon avec le Pape
-Ah ouais, pas mal cette histoire. Mais c'est étrange... Ça me donne envie de créer mon propre calendrier, je l'appellerai le calendrier multi-passionnist!! :D
♥ U-KISS est un boysband sud-coréen [K-Pop] composé de 7 membres, formé en 2008 par la NHMedia. U-KISS signifie Ubiquitous Korean International / Idol Super Star, qui peut se traduire aussi par "Super Star Coréennes Omniprésentes Internationalement". Ils ont fait leurs débuts le 28 août 2008, avec la chanson 'Not Young'.
Le nom des fans de U-KISS est 'KISSME'. La couleur officielle du groupe est le rose perle. ♥
Les membres :
- Soo Hyun (Chanteur principal, Leader) - Kevin (Chanteur principal) - Eli (Chanteur secondaire, Rappeur principal) - Ki Seop (Chanteur secondaire, Danseur principal) - Dong Ho (Chanteur secondaire, Rappeur principal, Maknae) - Hoon (Chanteur principal) - A.J (Chanteur secondaire, Rappeur secondaire) Xander et Ki Bum (anciens membre) ont été remplacés par Hoon et A.J .
Connaissez-vous ce lieu? Sûrement pas, à moins que vous ne fassiez part des 1500 habitants de cette métropole. Cette ville ce situe dans le Cher, au plein centre de la France. Cette ville représente la FRANCE où nous habitons!
Quand les étrangers pensent à la France, pour eux, c'est ça:
Mais en fait, Baugy, c'est plutôt ça: (route Villabon: une des cinq grandes routes menant à Baugy)
C'est un gentil galopin!! C'est un petit ours qui a UN PAPAet qui aUNE MAMAN!!! A part ça, il est brun, comme son nom l'indique.
Il est apparu dans le magasine Pomme D'Api pour la première fois. Intéressant, non?
Une rumeur raconte qu'au départ, Petit Ours Brun devait être un serial killer, que c'était en fait un zombi déguisé en ours les soirs de nouvelle lune. Il allait dans les rues (laissant PAPAetMAMAN - qui étaient en fait le nom de ses hamsters - sans surveillance à la maison) et tuait les fleuristes et les hommes d'affaire. La morale de l'histoire était de se méfier des oursons.
Après une première parution, l'histoire a été classée comme trop terrifiante pour les enfants (+16ans) et porteuse d'une mauvaise morale. Car au fond, les oursons n'étaient pas tous des serial killer.
On transforma donc Petit Ours Brun en un mignon petit enfant ours (=ourson) qui aimait bien son PAPAet saMAMAN (qui devinrent des Ours). Cette nouvelle histoire, trop terrifiante pour les grands fut classée (-6ans).
Petit Ours Brun est particulièrement apprécié par les enfants en manque d'inspiration pour des idées de bêtises...
Salut, vous connaissez sûrement la plupart des chansons Disney...
Je vous présente aujourd'hui la voix française chantée d'Alladin, de Hercule, de Kovu (le Roi Lion 2), de Scamp (la belle et le clochard 2) et de Flynn Rider (Raiponce) ou encore du Prince dans Cendrillon 3...
l'heureux élu se nomme EMMANUEL DAHL. à retrouver dans les comédies musicales de LES DIX COMMANDEMENTS et LE ROI SOLEIL et dans le film comédie musicale ALIVE